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Smallest Countries in the World

Know the smallest countries in the world!

The countries of the world can be classified in different subjects. A group can be classified in the list of historical countries, a group can be classified as safe, insecure, developed, poor, etc.

This classification can be extended to infinity. In an attractive category, the countries of the world can be divided in terms of area. In this article, we will take a look at 5 countries in the list of the smallest countries in the world.
Lands with attractive cultural characteristics which, although smaller than many cities in the world, nevertheless have their own people, nature, government and cultural, social, economic and political requirements and system.

Stay with us in Sepahran’s blog.


List of some of the smallest countries in the world:

  • The Vatican
  • Monaco
  • Nauru
  • Tuvalu
  • San Marino


smallest countries in the world
The Vatican


The Vatican

This place is the smallest country in the world with an area of about 0.44 square kilometers. This small country, which is less than a century old, is surrounded by Rome, the capital of Italy, as the center of the Catholic Church.So,the main fame of this country is due to the name of the Pope and the church of San Pietro. which is the largest church in the world. Some of the most important works of art of the Renaissance era, such as the Pita statue and the painting of the creation of Adam, are located there.

As a result of the Lateran Treaty, Vatican City gained independence in 1929, and Roman Catholics gained a special place on the Vatican Hill in the northwest of Rome. Since then, the city was surrounded by a wall of six gates and was able to find its own unique geography.
The banking system, post office, radio and television station, observatory, telephone system and independent internet are among the facilities that this country provides to its citizens.

Therefore, the population of this religious country was listed as 842 people in the last census.
Its economy is based on tourism and voluntary donations from around one billion members of the Catholic Church worldwide, as well as grants from some countries.

Finally, the Vatican’s system of government is based on the monarchy of the Pope and Archbishop as the leader of the world’s Catholics.
Incomes from visits to museums, activities of the post office and sale of stamps and postcards provide the main incomes of this small land.
The Vatican is also the only independent state that has not yet become a member of the United Nations.


Location on the map currency Language

Vatican number

Vatican euro Italian




The principality of Monaco with an area of about 2 square kilometers and a population of over 36,000 people, despite being small, is also considered the most dense country in the world.In addition to these cases, it can be added to the list of aristocratic countries of the world.The largest number of millionaires and billionaires live in this land.This country is one of the richest countries in the world with a GDP of about 7 billion dollars.

This peninsula is located in the Mediterranean Sea and near the southern coast of France.This peninsula borders this country on three sides and the Mediterranean Sea on one side. Its people mainly speak French, but various dialects such as Mongasque, Italian and English are also common. The government of this country is in the hands of the Grimaldi royal family, and its most important source of income is provided by the tourism industry and the supply of luxury and expensive goods.

The Grand Prix races, as one of the most prestigious car races in the world, is considered the most important annual event in this country.Also, places like Monacoville, Monte Carlo, Monaco Botanical Garden, Oceanographic Museum and Prince’s Palace are among the most important attractions of this country.


Location on the map currency Language

Vatican number

Monaco euro French



smallest countries in the world
The coastal city of Nauru



Nauru is a country located east of Australia and is known as the third smallest country in the world. This country is an island with an area of 21 square kilometers in the South Pacific Ocean and has the titles of the smallest island country and the smallest republic in the world.

One of the interesting things about Nauru is the obesity of its inhabitants. About 97% of men and 93% of women in this land suffer from overweight. For this reason, Nauru is known as the fattest nation in the world. The population of this country is 9378 people and thus Nauru is the second least populated country in the world.

Incomes from the exploration of phosphate mines are among the major incomes of this small country. Along with mining, coconut products and coastal banking are other current incomes of Nauru that determine the economy of this country. Another part of the country’s annual income is dedicated to the aid that Australia gives in exchange for the use of the Nauru detention center.

In the meantime, the share of the tourism economy of this country is limited. The travel of tourists is mainly limited to spending free time on the beaches of this country and activities such as fishing, diving and all kinds of water sports. Being surrounded by coral reefs and its beaches covered with white sand is one of the natural attractions of Nauru.


Location on the map currency Language

Vatican number

Nauru Australian dollar English



smallest countries in the world



The fourth smallest country in the world is the Tuvalu Islands set in the Pacific Ocean, between Hawaii and Australia. The population of this 26 square kilometer country is about 10,000 people, and its government is constitutionally royal, which was ruled by Queen Elizabeth II. This archipelago was considered part of British territory until 1978.

Funafuti Lagoon is one of Tuvalu’s biggest attractions and is a good place for swimming and snorkeling. However, due to the difficulty of access to these islands, tourism is not very prosperous and accounts for a small part of the income. In exchange for this stagnation, the sale and supply of stamps for collectors around the world is booming and many people are engaged in it professionally and recreationally.

Tuvalu is one of the lowest-lying countries in the world, which makes it vulnerable to sea-level rise.
Estimates indicate that this country will be completely underwater in the next 5 decades.


Location on the map currency Language

Vatican number

Tuvalu Australian dollar English



smallest countries in the world
San Marino


San Marino

The last country in the list of the 5 smallest countries in the world is San Marino with an area of 61 square kilometers.So, the borders of this small country, which has the title of the oldest republic in Europe, is completely surrounded by Italy.The population of San Marino is about 30,000 people. Economically, it is one of the richest countries in the world based on GDP.

It is also one of the countries that has a budget surplus and does not have any national debt.Therefore, it has the lowest unemployment rate among other countries in the world.The economy of this country is mainly based on tourism, banking and textiles.

The main tourist attractions of this country are: Basilica, Government Palace, St. Francis Church, Guaita Castle, Cesta Castle, State Museum, Huntington Library, Art Gallery and Botanical Gardens.This country attracts countless number of tourists every year.


Location on the map currency Language

Vatican number

San Marino euro Italian



In this article, we tried to introduce you to the smallest countries in the world. Therefore, we provided you with some useful information about the climate, area, population and economy in these countries. If you have any questions or comments, let us know in the comment box.


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