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Istanbul Travel Guide

Istanbul Travel Guide, A City of Wonders and Countless Secrets

Istanbul, a city with a rich history and diverse culture, is situated between the two continents of Europe and Asia. This city holds a unique place in the world due to its distinctive geography, historical significance, and special cultural heritage. From ancient churches to beautiful mosques, from bustling markets to marvelous museums, you can experience the beauty of this city. Istanbul, with its blend of history and modernity, is a suitable destination for every traveler and tourist.

In the Istanbul Travel Guide, you will collect information about tourist attractions, local cuisine, shopping centers, transportation in Istanbul, and other useful tips to make your experience in this historic city unforgettable. If you plan to travel to Istanbul, we recommend staying with Sepehran Blog until the end of the article.

What You Will Read in the Istanbul Travel Guide:

  • Where Is Istanbul?
  • Geographical Location of Istanbul
  • Best Time to Travel to Istanbul
  • Transportation in Istanbul
  • Attraction in Istanbul (Places to Visit in Istanbul)
  • Cultural Experiences in Istanbul
  • Famous Hotels in Istanbul
  • Shopping Centers in Istanbul
  • Local Foods in Istanbul
  • Famous Restaurants in Istanbul
  • Frequently Asked Questions About Traveling to Istanbul

Where Is Istanbul?

Istanbul is one of the largest cities in Turkey, located in the northwestern part of the country. This city is situated on two continents, Europe and Asia, and is the only city that located between two continents. It is bordered by the Marmara Sea to the south and connects to the Black Sea from there. The Bosphorus Strait, which is one of Turkey’s important landmarks, is also located in the northeast. Istanbul, with its unique geographical location and long history, is recognized as one of the world’s most significant centers for commerce, culture, and history.

Geographical Location of Istanbul

Best Time to Travel to Istanbul

Istanbul, with its moderate climate, which is a combination of a maritime and continental climate, has its own beauty and attractions in every season. However, to select the best time for a trip to this city, there are a few points to consider:

Spring and Autumn (April to June and September to November): These seasons are the best times to visit Istanbul. During these periods, the weather is moderate, with cool days and cooler nights. Flowers bloom in spring, and the city takes on a captivating charm. Many tourists choose this season for their trips to Istanbul.

Summer (July to August): The weather is hot and humid during the summer, with occasional high temperatures. This period is also full of festivals and cultural events, but due to the heat, some activities may be challenging.

Winter (December to February): The weather is cool and moist, and sometimes it rains or snows. This season is suitable for those who want to see the city without crowds. In fact, the least crowded season for traveling to Istanbul is winter.

Recommendations: For those who plan to visit museums and historical sites in Istanbul, selecting less crowded seasons like winter can be beneficial. Also, considering local holidays and different seasons of the year, hotel prices and services may vary. So always check prices.

In conclusion, traveling to Istanbul depends on your preferences and expectations. Each season in this city has its own special attractions. Therefore, with this information, you can select the best time for your trip.

Best Time to Travel to Istanbul, istanbul travel guide

Transportation in Istanbul

Transportation in Istanbul is diverse and extensive. Istanbul is one of the largest cities in the world and has a complex and efficient public transportation network. Transportation in Istanbul includes buses, trams, subways, ferries, taxis, and other means of transportation:

1.Metro: The Istanbul metro is one of the fastest and most efficient ways to get around the city. The Istanbul metro network is very extensive and covers most major points in the city.

2. Tram: The tram is the most convenient and cheapest way to tour the historic centre of Istanbul. Tram lines go to some important tourist destinations in Istanbul, such as Sultanahmet and the largest markets.

3. Ferries and Sea Buses: Due to Istanbul’s location between two continents and the presence of the Bosphorus, ferries and sea buses are suitable for crossing between Asia and Europe or vice versa.

4. Buses: The Istanbul bus network is very extensive, and you can use it to travel to most parts of the city. However, due to traffic, bus travel can be time-consuming at times.

5. Taxis: Taxis are abundant in Istanbul and are usually identified by their yellow color. Taxi prices are generally reasonable. Make sure your taxi has a meter and calculates the fare accurately.

Important Note: Traffic in Istanbul, especially during rush hours, can be very challenging. Using public transportation is usually faster and more efficient than taxis or private cars.

.istanbul travel guide.Transportation in Istanbul
Transportation in Istanbul

Attraction in Istanbul

As you know, Istanbul is a tourist city that attracts many tourists every year. This city has many tourist attractions. In the following, we have prepared a list of some of the must-see places in Istanbul, as follows:

Attraction Name

Hagia Sophia location

Sultan Ahmed neighborhood Hagia Sophia

Topkapi Palace Museum 

Fateh European area, near Sultan Ahmed Square, next to Gulhane Park

Topkapi Palace Museum

Kariye Mosque

Fateh area, Edirne Kapi neighborhood

Kariye Mosque

Grand Bazaar

Kapali Charshi neighborhood

Grand Bazaar

Suleymaniye Mosque

Fatih District, Sulaymaniyah Quarter, Professor Sediq Sami Onar St

Suleymaniye Mosque

Galata Bridge Barekatzadeh neighborhood Galata Bridge
Galata Tower Beyoglu neighborhood, west of Taksim Square Galata Tower

Taksim Square

Beyoglu neighborhood, west of Taksim Square

Taksim Square

Sultan Ahmed Mosque

No. 70, At Maidani St., Fatih District, Sultan Ahmed Neighborhood Sultan Ahmed Mosque
istanbul travel guide. galata tower
galata tower


Cultural Experiences in Istanbul:

Istanbul is one of the world’s historical and cultural cities that offers unique cultural experiences to tourists. Below, we will explore cultural experiences, customs, and handicrafts in this city:

Cultural Experiences:
  1. Music: Traditional Turkish music, especially in old and traditional neighborhoods, is an unforgettable and exciting experience.
  2. Participation in Religious Ceremonies: Attending religious ceremonies in grand mosques, such as Friday prayers.
Customs and Traditions:
  1. Hospitality: It’s important to know that Turks are hospitable and welcoming people. They enjoy inviting guests to their homes and treat guests with the utmost respect.
  2. Turkish Baths: Using Turkish baths is a cultural experience. These old and beautiful baths operate in a traditional manner. Most people who visit Istanbul use the traditional Turkish bath.
  1. Nowruz: Although Nowruz is an Iranian ceremony, it is also celebrated in some areas of Istanbul.
  2. Ramadan: The holy month of Ramadan is celebrated in Istanbul with great enthusiasm. Public iftar gatherings on the streets and in the markets are among the attractions of this month.
  1. Carpet Weaving: Turkish carpets, with their unique patterns and colors, are among the world’s best.
  2. Pottery: Colorful and handmade ceramics of Istanbul attract many tourists.
  3. Miniature Painting: Glass paintings of miniatures, which are painted by hand, are a unique handicraft of Istanbul.

Istanbul serves as a cultural hub that attracts tourists with its history, art, music, and unique customs. It is recommended that when traveling to this city, you take the opportunity to learn more about its culture and art.

Cultural Experiences in Istanbul
Cultural Experiences in Istanbul

Famous Hotels in Istanbul

Istanbul, with its long history and many tourist attractions, is considered the tourist capital of Turkey. This city has many hotels that are different in terms of location, services and facilities. Below are some of the most famous hotels in Istanbul:

Hotel Name

Four Seasons Hotel Istanbul at Sultanahmet

Besiktas district of Istanbul

Four Seasons Hotel Istanbul at Sultanahmet

Ciragan Palace Kempinski

Besiktas district of Istanbul

Ciragan Palace Kempinski

Shangri-La Bosphorus

Besiktas district of Istanbul

Shangri-La Bosphorus

Raffles Istanbul

Besiktas, center of Zurlo Besiktas

Raffles Istanbul

Swissotel The Bosphorus

Dolme Baghche Palace in Istanbul

Swissotel The Bosphorus

Titanic City Taksim

Taksim square

Titanic City Taksim

The Peak Hotel Beyoglu neighborhood

The Peak Hotel

By staying in any of these hotels, you will experience a unique and special experience. So, according to your budget and taste, you can make the right select.

Famous Hotels in Istanbul
Famous Hotels in Istanbul

Shopping Centers in Istanbul

Istanbul is one of the famous tourist cities in Turkey and is home to many reputable and renowned shopping centers in the world. Below, we will look at some of the most famous shopping centers in Istanbul and provide useful information about them:

  • Istinye Park Shopping Center:

This shopping center is one of the most popular and luxurious shopping destinations in Istanbul. Here, you can shop for renowned global brands and also enjoy high-quality restaurants and cafes with excellent views.

  • Sapphire Shopping Center:

This shopping center features the tallest residential tower in Europe and houses numerous shops with a variety of products. It also has a special garden for children.

  • Grand Bazaar :

This historic bazaar, located in the heart of Istanbul, is known as one of the largest markets for clothing, jewelry, handmade carpets, and handicrafts in the world. It’s a great place to experience culture and history.

  • Istiklal Avenue (Istiklal Caddesi):

This famous street is one of the main shopping and entertainment centers of Istanbul. Around it, you can find renowned shops, restaurants, and cafes offering various types of food and beverages.

Kapalıçarşı Bazaar:

This ancient and historical bazaar is also recognized as one of Istanbul’s main tourist attractions. Here, you can find various jewelry, antiques, carpets, clothing, and local souvenirs.

  • Zurlu Center:

This multipurpose complex is located in the European part of Istanbul, in the Beşiktaş district. Zurlu Center includes prestigious shops, restaurants, cinemas, and theaters, making it a modern and luxurious shopping destination.

  • Marmara Forum Shopping Center:

Marmara Forum, located in the Osmaniye neighborhood of Istanbul, offers a variety of shops and diverse entertainment facilities. It features a collection of famous Turkish and international brands.

  • Torium Shopping Center:

This shopping center, located in the western part of Istanbul, is one of Turkey’s largest entertainment centers. In addition to various shops, Torium boasts excellent restaurants that appeal to every tourist’s taste.

Before visiting any shopping center, it’s a good idea to check their opening and closing hours.

Shopping Centers in Istanbul
Shopping Centers in Istanbul

Local Foods in Istanbul:

If you’re traveling to Istanbul, you’ll undoubtedly be amazed by the variety of local foods in this city. Istanbul’s local dishes are popular worldwide, and you can experience delicious and memorable flavors throughout the city. Here are some descriptions of some local foods in Istanbul and Turkey:

  • Kebab :

Turkish kebabs are renowned for their incredible taste and aroma. Various types of kebabs, including shish kebabs and doner kebabs, can be found in the city.

  • Dolma:

Dolma consists of grape or zucchini leaves filled with various ingredients such as lamb, rice, chickpeas, and special spices. There are various types of dolma in Turkey, and it is a beloved dish with many fans.

  • Simit:

Simit is a type of local bread that is prepared in large rings with sesame seeds and other spices. It is known as a popular snack or breakfast item.

  • Ispanaklı Börek :

Börek is a famous Turkish breakfast and snack food. Ispanaklı börek, in particular, is a basic börek filled with thin layers of potatoes and spinach. It is delicious and filling.

  • Köfte:

Köfte is made from minced meat, special spices, and vegetables. It is prepared in small meatball-like shapes and served. Köfte is highly popular among the Turkish people.

  • Mantı:

Mantı is a Turkish dish made with dough and minced lamb meat. It is typically served with yogurt and mint and is known for its delicious taste.

  • Kuzu Tandır:

Kuzu tandır is one of the most delicious and exciting local dishes in Istanbul. It involves slow-cooking lamb in a tandoor oven until it becomes incredibly tender and flavorful.

  • Adana Kebap:

Adana Kebap is a special type of Turkish kebab, often made with fresh lamb meat and combined with spices and Turkish hot peppers.

Additionally, in Istanbul, you can enjoy local markets and cafes and try other foods such as Baklava and Turkish coffee (Türk Kahvesi).

Local Foods in Istanbul
Local Foods in Istanbul

Famous Restaurants in Istanbul:

As you know, restaurants are among the most important choices when traveling to any city or country. Having healthy, diverse, delicious, and appetizing food can be a memorable experience for any traveler. Istanbul, due to its diverse local and international restaurants and high culinary diversity, is an excellent option for a colorful and exciting trip.

Below, we will mention some of the best restaurants in Istanbul where dining can be a delightful experience:

1.Lokanta Maya:

This modern and upscale restaurant is located in the Karaköy district. Lokanta Maya offers intimate and cozy ambiance with a variety of Turkish dishes that change with each season.

2. Nusr-Et Steakhouse:

Nusr-Et is one of the most famous and renowned Iranian chefs with a chain of restaurants. This restaurant is famous for its high-quality steaks and meats.

3.Olive Anatolian Restaurant:

Located in the Kadıköy district of Istanbul, this restaurant offers unique and locally sourced dishes with a focus on fresh ingredients. It’s a popular choice for tourists, offering stunning views.

4.Saray Muhallebicisi:

If you’re looking to experience local Turkish desserts, this restaurant should be on your list. Saray Muhallebicisi serves various traditional desserts such as Sütlaç and Kadayıf.

5.Karaköy Lokantası:

This contemporary and modern restaurant is located in the Karaköy district. It offers local dishes prepared with fresh and seasonal ingredients.

6.Spice Bazaar Restaurant:

This restaurant is famous for its water fountains and breathtaking views of the Spice Bazaar. It offers traditional Turkish dishes with various cultural flavors.

7.Asitane Restaurant:

Situated near the Kariye Museum in the heart of the Topkapı hill, Asitane Restaurant serves high-quality and unique Ottoman dishes. It’s an excellent place to experience traditional Turkish cuisine.

8. Balıkçı Sabahattin:

Known for its forest and sea views and exceptional seafood, this restaurant is a great choice for seafood enthusiasts. Located in the Sheykh Ahmed area, it serves some of the most delicious seafood dishes.


If you’re looking for the best seafood restaurant in Istanbul, don’t forget Eleos. With two branches in Istanbul, in the Beşiktaş and Yeniköy areas, Eleos offers a variety of fish and shrimp dishes with an exquisite taste.

Before traveling to Istanbul and making restaurant reservations, it’s best to check the reservation details and exact addresses. Some restaurants may require advance reservations, so it’s a good idea to plan ahead

Famous Restaurants in Istanbul
Famous Restaurants in Istanbul


Traveling to Istanbul is a unique and exciting experience that allows you to become acquainted with Turkey’s rich cultural history and delicious cuisine. You can explore bustling markets, historical streets, tourist attractions, and the Ottoman heritage, making for an exhilarating journey. It’s advisable to conduct thorough research about the locations, cultural customs, and local Turkish cuisine before your trip to Istanbul and to enjoy delicious meals at local restaurants and cafes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Istanbul safe to travel?
Istanbul is one of the safest cities for immigration and travel
When is the best time to travel to Istanbul?
Traveling to Istanbul depends on your taste and expectations. Every season in this city has its own charms. Therefore, you can choose the best time for your trip.
Local cuisine in Istanbul
Kebab, Dolma, Ispanaklı Börek, simit, Köfte, Kuzu Tandır, manti,Adana Kebap
Which are the best hotels in Istanbul?
The best hotels in Istanbul include the Four Seasons Hotel Bosphorus, Çırağan Palace Kempinski, Shangri-La Bosphorus, Raffles Istanbul, Swissotel The Bosphorus, Titanic City Taksim, and Peak hotel.
Do we need a visa to travel to Istanbul?
Iranians do not need a visa to travel to Turkey.
Which are the famous restaurants in Istanbul?
The famous restaurants in Istanbul include Lokanta Maya, Nusr-Et Steakhouse, Olive Anatolian Restaurant, Saray Muhallebicisi, Karaköy Lokantası, Spice Bazaar Restaurant, Karaköy Lokantası, Asitane Restaurant, Balıkçı Sabahattin, and Eleos.
Which are the famous shopping centers in Istanbul?
The famous shopping centers in Istanbul include Istinye Park, Sapphire, Grand Bazaar, Istiklal Caddesi, Kapalıçarşı (Grand Bazaar), Zorlu Center, Marmara Forum, and Torium.
Tourist attractions in Istanbul
Hagia Sophia, Topkapi Palace, Chora Church, Grand Bazaar, Suleymaniye Mosque, Galata Bridge, Galata Tower, Taksim Square, Sultan Ahmed Mosque.
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